Arbitrator and expert witness in major arbitration cases.
Judge in over 260 EFTA Court cases concerning the whole range of European single market law; President in 234 cases; Judge Rapporteur in many of the Court’s landmark cases.
Judge Rapporteur, inter alia, in Cases
E-2/97 Maglite (international exhaustion of trademark rights),
E-3/97 Opel Norge (admission to a motor vehicle distribution system),
E-1/98 Astra Norge (abuse of copyright),
E-1/99 Finanger (taking a ride in a motor vehicle driven by an intoxicated motorist),
E-3/00 Kellogg’s (nutritional argument and precautionary principle in food law),
E-1/02 University of Oslo (positive discrimination in favour of the under-represented gender),
E-3/02 Paranova v Merck (repackager of pharmaceuticals adding his own design),
E-2/03 Ásgeirsson (rules of origin in trade in fish, fundamental rights),
E-1/04 Fokus Bank (taxation of outbound dividends),
E-4/04 Pedicel (national prohibition against alcohol advertisement),
E-01/06 Gaming Machines (State gambling monopoly),
E-3/06 (State gambling monopolies),
E-1/10 Periscopus (no adjustment of bid price with reference to term “market price” under the Takeover Bid Directive),
E-14/10 Konkurrenten (State aid),
E-15/10 Norway Post (scope of judicial review of fining decisions by competition authorities),
E-9/11 Regulated Markets I (ownership limitations and voting rights restrictions in stock exchanges and central securities depositories),
E-14/11 DB Schenker I (private plaintiff as a private attorney general, presumption against access to documents limited to merger and State aid cases),
E-16/11 Icesave I (no liability of the State for deposits in foreign branches of a domestic bank in a systemic crisis),
E-18/11 Irish Bank (teleological interpretation of the Winding Up Directive, modalities of the preliminary ruling procedure in the EFTA pillar),
E-15/12 Wahl (denial of entry into Iceland of a Norwegian Hells Angel under the Citizenship Directive),
E-27/13 Gunnarsson and E-25/13 Engilbertsson (indexation of mortgage loans, unfair terms),
E-14/15 Holship (collective bargaining and industrial action vs. competition law and fundamental freedoms),
E-29/15 Sorpa (municipal body capable of abusing a dominant position),
E-3/16 Ski Taxi (joint bidding, restriction of competition by object),
E-5/16 Vigeland (trademark registration of a work of art after expiry of copyright protection, public domain),
E-16/16 Fosen-Linjen (simple breach of public procurement law sufficient to trigger liability of contracting authority),
E-15/16 Yara (risk of tax avoidance, prohibition of abuse of rights),
E-19/16 Thue (travel time is working time under the Working Time Directive).
Presidential orders, inter alia, in Cases
E-16/11 Icesave I (admission of the European Commission as an intervener),
E-18/14 Wow Air (allocation of slots at congested airports, protection of competition, accelerated preliminary ruling procedure)
E-21/16 Nobile (judicial independence, integrity of the Court, accelerated preliminary ruling procedure)
Towards general standards concerning the independence and impartiality of arbitrators, in: Christian Cascante/Andreas Spahlinger/Stephan Wilske (Hrsg.), Global wisdom on business transactions, international law and dispute resolution, Festschrift für Gerhard Wegen zum 65. Geburtstag, 20 April 2015, 575-591.
“Law – Made in Germany” – Has it paid off?, in: Werner F. Ebke/Dirk Olzen/Otto Sandrock (Hrsg.), Festschrift für Siegfried H. Elsing zum 65. Geburtstag, 2015, 731-743.
Arbitration in Public International Disputes, in: Baudenbacher, Carl (Hrsg.), Dispute Resolution, Stuttgart: German Law Publishers 2009, 265-297 (with Frank Bremer).
Enforcement of EC and EEA Competition Rules by Arbitration Tribunals Inside and Outside the EU, in: Ehlermann, Claus/ Atanasiu, Isabela, European Competition Law Annual 2001: Effective Private Enforcement of EC Antitrust Law, Oxford – Portland Oregon 2003, 339-360.
Decentralization of EC Competition Law Enforcement and Arbitration, Columbia Journal of European Law (Colum. J. E. Eur. L.) 2002, 1-18 (with Imelda Higgins).
Die Bedeutung des EG-Kartellrechts für Schweizer Schiedsgerichte, Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für Schweizerisches Recht 20, Basel: Helbing & Lichtenhahn, 1996, ISBN: 3-7190-1503-3 (mit Anton K. Schnyder).